Different Types of Adoption
There are many different ways when it comes to adopting a child, and some of them may not be applicable in Missouri. Below are some of the most common methods of adoption.
Through an Agency
Public and private adoption agencies exist to help place children with adoptive parents. These agencies are licensed by the state to place children. Public agencies usually help children who have become wards of the state because they've been abandoned or abused. Private agencies are usually run by charities or social service groups and place children who've been given up by parents or expectant parents.
In these cases, adoption takes place as a direct arrangement between adoptive parents and birth parents. Sometimes this involves a third party as a go-between. These cases are often delicate and best served by an attorney because of the amount of paperwork.
A mixture of both agency and independent adoption, these adoptions involve adoptive parents finding a birth mother who wants to place her child for adoption; an adoption agency then takes over the rest of the process.
This happens when a parent's new spouse wishes to adopt the parent's child from a different partner. If both birth parents consent, this is often a fairly uncomplicated process. If one of the parents does not consent, however, an attorney should be involved due to the amount of time and paperwork necessary.
The most complicated type of adoption is international adoption. This method requires adoptive parents to not just follow the laws of their home country but also those of the country from which they wish to adopt. It requires filing for an immigrant visa for the child. These adoptions are heavily regulated and require agencies to be certified by the State Department. International adoption is also very costly.
Another easy type of adoption, relative adoptions happen when a child's relative—such as a grandparent, aunt or uncle—steps forward to adopt them. These usually happen in the case of death or incapacitation of birth parents.